A Low-Cost Real-Time Research Platform for EMG Pattern Recognition-Based Prosthetic Hand

A Low-Cost Real-Time Research Platform for EMG Pattern Recognition-Based Prosthetic Hand The focus of this paper is the development of a low-cost research platform for a surface electromyogram (EMG)-based prosthetic hand control to evaluate various pattern recognitiontechniques and to study the real-time implementation. This comprehensible research platform may enlighten the biomedical research in developing countries for analyzing and evaluating the surface EMG signals. Major challenges in this work were as follows: the design and development of an EMG signal conditioning module, a pattern recognition module, and a prosthetic hand at low cost. Besides, EMGpattern recognition techniques were evaluated for identifying six hand motions in offline with signals acquired from ten healthy subjects and two transradial amputees. Features calculated from EMG signals were grouped into six ensembles to apprehend the vitality of the ensemble in classifiers namely simple logistic regression (SLR), J48 algorithm for decision tree, logistic model tree, neural network, linear discriminant analysis, and support vector machine.

The classification performance was also evaluated with the prolonged EMG data recorded on a day at every 1 h interval to study the robustness of the classifier. The results show the average classification accuracy, processing time and memory requirement of the SLR was found to be better and robust with time-domain features consisting of statistical as well as autoregression coefficients. The statistical analysis of variance test also showed that computation time and memory space required for SLR were significantly less compared to the other classifiers. The performance of the classifier was tested in online with transradial amputee for actuation of prosthetic hand for two intended motions with a TMS320F28335 controller. This proposed research platform for evaluation of EMG pattern recognition and real-time implementation has been achieved at a cost of 25 000 Indian rupee (INR).