An Efficient Adaptive Binary Range Coder and Its VLSI Architecture In this paper, we propose a new hardware-efficient adaptive binary range coder (ABRC) and its very-large-scale integration (VLSI) architecture. To achieve this, we follow an approach that allows to reduce the bit capacity of the multiplication needed in the interval division part and shows how to avoid the need to use a loop in the renormalization part of ABRC. The probability estimation in the proposed ABRC is based on a lookup table free virtual sliding window. To obtain a higher compression performance, we propose a new adaptive window size selection algorithm. In comparison with an ABRC with a single window, the proposed system provides a faster probability adaptation at the initial encoding/decoding stage, and more accurate probability estimation for very low entropy binary sources. We show that theVLSI architecture of the proposed ABRC attains a throughput of 105.92 MSymbols/s on the FPGA platform, and consumes 18.15 mW for the dynamic part power. In comparison with the state-of-the-art MQ-coder (used in JPEG2000 standard) and the M-coder (used in H.264/Advanced Video Coding and H.265/High Efficiency Video Coding standards), the proposed ABRC architecture provides comparable throughput, reduced memory, and power consumption. Experimental results obtained for a wavelet video codec with JPEG2000-like bit-plane entropy coder show that the proposed ABRC allows to reduce the bit rate by 0.8%–8% in comparison with the MQ-coder and from 1.0%–24.2% in comparison with the M-coder.